Canada

Book Hotel

Book Rental Car

Calendars

Cheap Flights

Cycling Tours

Golf

History

Language

Maps

Recipes

Skiing

Towns and Cities
  Calgary
  Edmonton
  Halifax
  Montréal
  Ottawa
  Saskatoon
  Toronto
  Vancouver
  Winnipeg
  More Canadian Cities

Travel Guides

Weather

Links
   Canada Country Information
   Canada Travel Downloads
   Canadian Recipes
   Learn French Downloads
   Learn French eBooks
   Travel Downloads
   Travel eBooks
   Travel Magazines
   More Links


 















































 
Travel Guide 2   >   Canada   >   History

   
 

Canadian History


According to Inuit and First Nations tradition, Canada has been inhabited since the dawn of the time. However, the archaeological evidence discovered to date suggests circa 24,500 BC for the earliest people in Yukon, and 7,500 BC for southern Ontario.

The earliest contact with Europe, is believed to have occured around 1000 AD when Vikings from Greenland are known to have reached, and built a small settlement at, L'Anse aux Meadows in Newfoundland, although they only stayed their for a relatively short period. It is uncertain if this settlement is Leif Erikson's legendary "Vinland", or was perhaps a stopping point on the way to Vinland.

The next Europeans to reach Canada were Basque cod fishermen and whalers, who arrived in the area in the late 15th century, and who established a number of fishing outposts in Labrador and Newfoundland. In 1497, John Cabot landed in Canada (probably Newfoundland or Cape Breton Island), and claimed the area for King Henry VII of England. Portuguese and Spanish expeditions are also known to have also explored the region, but it was the French who were the first to move inland and to set up permanent colonies (beginning in 1534). Soon afterwards, the British also began to establish colonies in Newfoundland, southern Nova Scotia and the Hudson Bay area.

In 1608, the French established Quebec City, and it became capital of the colony of New France (French: Nouvelle France). Although the colony was successful at trading, especially the fur trade, the population of New France remained low (just 60,000 in 1759), because of low immigration, little support from the mother country, and constant wars with the Iroquois (who were supported by the British in an attempt to weaken the French).

Britain and France went to war several times in the 18th century, and many battles were fought in Canada. The British usually had the upper hand in the fighting in Canada, because of their superior navy, greater financial resources, and the fact that they controlled territory both to the North (in the Hudson Bay) and to the South (in the 13 Colonies) of the French-controlled areas. As a result in 1763, following the Seven Years' War (known in the United States as the "French and Indian War"), France ceded nearly all its remaining territory in North America to Britain.

The first half of the 19th century was no easy ride for British rule in Canada. In the War of 1812, an attempted US invasion was thwarted, and rebellions against the colonial government took place in 1837. Following these rebellions, a British government report, the Durham Report, recommended responsible government be granted, and the union of Upper and Lower Canada. The union was achieved in 1840, and in 1867 a Canadian federation was formed, the Dominion of Canada.

During 1840s, agreement was reached with the United States to place the border at the 49th parallel, thus paving the way for Canada's westward expansion. Colonies were founded in British Columbia and Vancouver Island in 1848 and 1849 respectively (the two colonies were united in 1866). Manitoba joined the Dominion of Canada in 1870, British Columbia in 1871, and Saskatchewan and Alberta in 1905.

Canada participated in both World Wars on the Allied side. In World War I, Canada was legally at war as soon as Britain declared war. By World War II, the legal position had changed - the 1931 Statute of Westminister granted Canada effective independence (although some Constitutional ties with Britain remained), and Canada made a separate declaration of war on Germany, a week after Britain.

After World War II, Canada expanded once again when Newfoundland joined the country (Newfoundland was previously a British colony) after a closely fought referendum. Canada became a key member of the western alliance, joining NATO, sending troops to fight in the Korean War (1950 to 1953), and participating in a joint air defense system with the United States (NORAD).

Since the 1960s, Quebec has played an increasingly important role in Canadian politics, although not without controversy (including some demands for independence), and even violence. The main result of these changes has been increased recognition of the distinct and unique culture of French Canada. Another constitutional change, one that took place in 1982, was "Patriation", the removal of the remaining powers that the British parliament had to legislate for Canada.

Here are some books about the history of Canada:


Comments about Canadian History


Please share your comments about the history of Canada:

   


Books about Canadian History


Disclosure: Products details and descriptions provided by Amazon.com. Our company may receive a payment if you purchase products from them after following a link from this website.

A Short History of Canada: Seventh Edition

By Desmond Morton

McClelland & Stewart
Released: 2017-08-29
Paperback (432 pages)

A Short History of Canada: Seventh Edition
List Price: $25.00*
Lowest New Price: $16.09*
Lowest Used Price: $12.54*
Usually ships in 24 hours*
*(As of 09:37 Pacific 19 Oct 2018 More Info)


Click Here
Product Description:
A fully updated edition of the Canadian classic.

Most of us know bits and pieces of our history but would like to be more sure of how it all fits together. The trick is to find a history that is so absorbing you will want to read it from beginning to end. With this expanded, seventh edition of A Short History of Canada, readers need look no further.
     Desmond Morton, one of Canada's most highly respected historians, is keenly aware of the ways in which our past informs the present, and in one compact and engrossing volume, he pulls off the remarkable feat of bringing it all together -- from the First Nations before the arrival of the Europeans, to Confederation, to Stephen Harper's prime ministership, to Justin Trudeau's victory in the 2015 election. His acute observations on the Diefenbaker era, the effects of the post-war influx of immigrants, the Trudeau years and the constitutional crisis, the Quebec referendum, the rise of the Canadian Alliance, and Canada under Harper's governance, all provide an invaluable background to understanding the way Canada works today and its direction in years to come.

The Kids Book of Canadian History

By Carlotta Hacker

Kids Can Press
Paperback (72 pages)

The Kids Book of Canadian History
List Price: $14.95*
Lowest New Price: $9.41*
Lowest Used Price: $2.71*
Usually ships in 24 hours*
*(As of 09:37 Pacific 19 Oct 2018 More Info)


Click Here
Product Description:
Canada has a rich and fascinating history. In this informative overview, kids will discover the people, places and events that have shaped our country. Featuring fact boxes, mini-profiles, maps, a timeline and more, this title in the acclaimed Kids Book of series offers a comprehensive and engaging look at Canada's development, change and growth.

Kids can read about
? the potlatch ceremonies of the west coast Aboriginal people
? the building of the Canadian Pacific Railway
? the battle of Vimy Ridge in World War I
? the role of Canadian women in World War II
? the establishment of Nunavut, Canada's newest territory, and more ...

Canada: Canadian History: From Aboriginals to Modern Society - The People, Places and Events That Shaped The History of Canada and North America

By William D. Willis

CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform
Paperback (78 pages)

Canada: Canadian History: From Aboriginals to Modern Society - The People, Places and Events That Shaped The History of Canada and North America
List Price: $19.97*
Lowest New Price: $12.97*
Lowest Used Price: $8.71*
Usually ships in 24 hours*
*(As of 09:37 Pacific 19 Oct 2018 More Info)


Click Here
Product Description:
Canada is known all over the world due to its undying commitment to multiculturalism and its social and ethnic diversity. In a time when these values were unspoken of, Canada was the first country to embrace an official multiculturalism policy. Nevertheless, the path that Canada followed to become the powerful nation it is today was like a labyrinth, filled with challenges and obstacles. Starting from Canada’s first inhabitants and explorers, this brief book will offer you a comprehensive overview of Canada’s history, as it presents the key events that altered the course of this nation, irrevocably. The following aspects are included in the book: - The coming of the Aboriginal peoples to Canada. - The first Viking expedition to Canada led by Leif Eriksson. - The initial European explorations that took place during the 15-16th centuries and how these laid the grounds for the colonization movement that followed afterward. - Canada’s role and place in the world today. - The primary elements that shape the Canadian culture and what makes it so distinctive. - Main places to visit in Canada: some sights and attractions that shouldn’t miss from your itinerary if you want to understand Canada's culture and uniqueness. Only when you aim at learning about a country’s history could you fully grasp its culture and evolution. That’s what makes this book the perfect resource for those who want to enlarge their knowledge of Canada. Canada is a country that seems to relish unlimited space. It is dynamic, unique and complex, being much more than a multicultural society; it is also a multinational one. The details pointed in this book link Canada’s past and present to its potential future. I challenge you to broaden your comprehension of Canada and get this book today! This beautiful country is unexpectedly intriguing once you get to learn more about it.

Canada: An Illustrated History: An Illustrated History, Revised and Expanded

By Derek Hayes

DOUGLAS MCINTYRE
Paperback (296 pages)

Canada: An Illustrated History: An Illustrated History, Revised and Expanded
List Price: $36.95*
Lowest New Price: $23.91*
Lowest Used Price: $18.33*
Usually ships in 24 hours*
*(As of 09:37 Pacific 19 Oct 2018 More Info)


Click Here
  • DOUGLAS MCINTYRE
Product Description:
From the early days of exploration and settlement to Canada's participation in space exploration and the 2015 federal election, this illustrated history conveys the drama and scope of the nation. Through accessible commentary and a wealth of images, both well-known and obscure facets of Canadian history are presented in this splendid compendium.

Read about Canada's first newspaper, the Halifax Gazette, which, in its first iteration, was a single sheet of paper. Find out which Canadian bridge collapsed not once, but twice. Discover the nation's history of crime and punishment, firefighting, the 25-cent and $50,000 bills, Prohibition, early aviation, and much, much more. Here also are the tales of a myriad of individuals who shaped Canada: the famous, the infamous, the popular and the unknown. Hayes details stories of First Nations, separatists and statesmen, astronauts and inventors, motorists, mail carriers, fur traders, photographers and politicians.

More than 450 illustrations accompany the text, including 200-plus photographs, 50-plus paintings and drawings (many by Canadian artists) and 35 historic maps, as well as posters, stamps, cartoons, stained glass and tapestries. Canada: An Illustrated History is a visual experience every Canadian can enjoy.

Weird But True Canada: 300 Outrageous Facts About the True North

By Chelsea Lin

National Geographic Children's Books
Released: 2018-05-15
Paperback (208 pages)

Weird But True Canada: 300 Outrageous Facts About the True North
List Price: $8.99*
Lowest New Price: $5.82*
Lowest Used Price: $4.50*
Usually ships in 24 hours*
*(As of 09:37 Pacific 19 Oct 2018 More Info)


Click Here
Product Description:
The best-selling Weird But True line is now exploring north of the U.S. border! Follow along to learn tons of fun facts about the outrageous oddities and kooky charisma of the Land of Plenty: Canada!

Calling all Canadians and Canada-philes: Get ready to be amazed and delighted by wacky facts, stats, tidbits, and trivia, eh? Did you know that the Royal Mint once created a coin weighing more than 90 kg and valued at over $1 million dollars? Or that Canada was the first country to build a UFO landing pad? Maybe you'd be amazed to discover that Montreal is the second largest French-speaking city in the world? It's all weird--and it's all true...Canada style! In this latest and greatest edition of Weird But True, you'll read all about the wacky wilds, bizarre bites, and strange scenes of Canada!

Rise to Greatness: The History of Canada From the Vikings to the Present

By Conrad Black

McClelland & Stewart
Released: 2014-11-11
Hardcover (1120 pages)

Rise to Greatness: The History of Canada From the Vikings to the Present
List Price: $50.00*
Lowest New Price: $31.51*
Lowest Used Price: $2.88*
Usually ships in 24 hours*
*(As of 09:37 Pacific 19 Oct 2018 More Info)


Click Here
Product Description:
Masterful, ambitious, and groundbreaking, this is a major new history of our country by one of our most respected thinkers and historians -- a book every Canadian should own.
     From the acclaimed biographer and historian Conrad Black comes the definitive history of Canada -- a revealing, groundbreaking account of the people and events that shaped a nation.
     Spanning 874 to 2014, and beginning from Canada's first inhabitants and the early explorers, this masterful history challenges our perception of our history and Canada's role in the world. From Champlain to Carleton, Baldwin and Lafontaine, to MacDonald, Laurier, and King, Canada's role in peace and war, to Quebec's quest for autonomy, Black takes on sweeping themes and vividly recounts the story of Canada's development from colony to dominion to country. Black persuasively reveals that while many would argue that Canada was perhaps never predestined for greatness, the opposite is in fact true: the emergence of a magnificent country, against all odds, was a remarkable achievement. Brilliantly conceived, this major new reexamination of our country's history is a riveting tour de force by one of the best writers writing today.

The Dawn of Canadian History : A Chronicle of Aboriginal Canada

By Stephen Leacock

Released: 2012-05-12
Kindle Edition (120 pages)

The Dawn of Canadian History : A Chronicle of Aboriginal Canada
 
Product Description:
This book was converted from its physical edition to the digital format by a community of volunteers. You may find it for free on the web. Purchase of the Kindle edition includes wireless delivery.

The Kids Book of Canada

By Barbara Greenwood

Kids Can Press
Paperback (60 pages)

The Kids Book of Canada
List Price: $14.95*
Lowest New Price: $9.85*
Lowest Used Price: $1.85*
Usually ships in 24 hours*
*(As of 09:37 Pacific 19 Oct 2018 More Info)


Click Here
Product Description:
Finally, the premier children's resource on Canada is available in a fully revised paperback edition --- bringing up to date this bestselling treasury of information that has long been an essential book for schools, libraries and homes from coast to coast.

Ten years after its debut, this title in the acclaimed Kids Book of series is more than ever an indispensable tool for researching school projects or a conversation piece for sharing Canadian facts with friends and family. Bursting with rich and detailed illustrations, this book is as far-ranging, fascinating and full of surprises as the country it describes.

Inside you'll find
? colorful maps of the provinces and territories showing major cities, rivers, mountains and points of interest.
? the provincial and territorial coat of arms, flowers, birds and trees.
? details of famous Canadians and important events, plus a time line to guide you through each province's and territory's history.
? current information on Canada's growing industries and evolving environmental challenges.
? updated references to the Aboriginal Peoples in Canada.


 
 
 

 
 
Note: Our company does NOT provide travel, vacation, hotel, car rental services or associated products or services. Any links (including but not limited to banners, text links, or search forms) to such items on this web site are adverts from third parties. Sorry we can NOT answer questions about these types of products or services.

Unless specifically noted on the page in question, our company is NOT associated with attractions or places of interest that may be described on this website. In such cases, we have often provided links to the official sites where possible, or other third party sites containing useful information, purely as a courtesy and for informational purposes only.

All information about attractions, places of interest, travel destinations, travel services, etc., was believed to be correct at the time it was prepared, but may be change at any time. Readers are advised to check with their travel agent, travel provider, or the attraction operator, for current information.


Copyright © 2007-2018, Answers 2000 Limited

CERTAIN CONTENT THAT APPEARS ON THIS SITE COMES FROM AMAZON SERVICES LLC. THIS CONTENT IS PROVIDED 'AS IS' AND IS SUBJECT TO CHANGE OR REMOVAL AT ANY TIME.
CERTAIN CONTENT THAT APPEARS ON THIS SITE,COMES FROM AMAZON EU S. r.l. THIS CONTENT IS PROVIDED 'AS IS' AND IS SUBJECT TO CHANGE OR REMOVAL AT ANY TIME.

Disclosure: Our company's websites' content (including this website's content) includes advertisements for our own company's websites, products, and services, and for other organization's websites, products, and services. In the case of links to other organization's websites, our company may receive a payment, (1) if you purchase products or services, or (2) if you sign-up for third party offers, after following links from this website. Unless specifically otherwise stated, information about other organization's products and services, is based on information provided by that organization, the product/service vendor, and/or publicly available information - and should not be taken to mean that we have used the product/service in question. Additionally, our company's websites contain some adverts which we are paid to display, but whose content is not selected by us, such as Google AdSense ads. For more detailed information, please see Advertising/Endorsements Disclosures

In Association With Amazon.com
Answers 2000 Limited is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com.
In Association With Amazon.co.uk
Answers 2000 Limited is a participant in the Amazon EU Associates Programme, an affiliate advertising programme designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.co.uk.
As an Amazon Associate, our company earns from qualifying purchases. Amazon, the Amazon logo, Endless, and the Endless logo are trademarks of Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates.

Our sites use cookies, some of which may already be set on your computer. Use of our site constitutes consent for this. For details, please see Privacy.

Click privacy for information about our company's privacy, data collection and data retention policies, and your rights.

Contact Us   Privacy   Terms of Use   Advertising/Endorsements Disclosures